शेवटचा बदल December 3rd, 2021 at 08:42 am
Mira Bhayandar is a city which has its own Historic value. It was an important port for business during past. This port has seen some most important Historic Legends right from Alexander to Peshwas and some great kings who have travelled through this port. The city is surrounded by big mountains on both the side boundaries along with Arabian Sea guarding the west side of the city. The North side of the city is surrounded by Vasai (Basin) Creek. So is the city of Bhayandar Situated at the Heart of the Nature. As we all know that India was governed by British. British also came to Bhayandar but it was far time after as Bhayandar and Vasai were governed by Portuguese . Portuguese were the first one to rule on this part. But British also ruled over Bhayandar for quite some time. The example of British existence can be seen by the Railway Bridge over Vasai (Basin) Creek. A large estate of 3688 acres, exclusive of salt marsh was granted by deed dated 1870 to Ramchandra Laxmanji of Bombay, on a lease of 999 years, in the village of Ghodbunder, Bhayandar and Mira. The condition attaching to this grant were that the lessee should pay a yearly rent of Rs. 6790/-; that he should keep the embankments, dams, and sluic s in repair; that he should demand no rent from Inamdars; that he should demand only survey rates for Suti and Varkas lands; that he should keep boundary marks in repair; that he should pay Patil’’s and hereditary officers’ claims and allowances; that he should not interfere with the rights of way; that he should surrender land free of cost for the Bhayandar Railway Station; that he should give the Notice for the assignment of the lands; that he should not assign lands without leave; and that the salt marsh lands were liable for resumption if not reclaimed within twenty years. This estate has been the cause of much litigation, owing to an attempt of the leaseholder to levy from the yearly tenants one-half instead of one-third of the produce. The District court and the High Court on appeal (appeal 292 and 1880) have decided that the leaseholder’s claim to levy one-half is contrary to the custom of the country. (Source : Gazetteer Of The Bombay Presidency, Volume XIII, Part II, Chapter VIII) The Devnar Estate include five villages : Devnar, Borla, Kirol, Chene and Varsava Borbhat . It was granted in perpetual lease to Mr. Dhakji Dadaji in 1809 on a rental of Rs. 5180. In addition to this a sum of Rs. 390/- is paid for lands held by husbandmen direct from Government. Only two of the villages Chene and Varsava Borbhat remain in the family of the original grantee. The other three have been sold to different buyers. (Source : Gazetteer Of The Bombay Presidency, Volume XIII, Part II, Chapter VIII)
Formation Of Mira Bhayandar as a City :
Being a neighboring city of Mumbai, the growth of the city is tremendous still the city has managed to keep its originality like small scale industries, farming , fishing, sand and salt cultivation as its major business. The small scale industry situated in Bhyander(E) ranks Third in Asia. Agri and Koli are the original residents of this city, but there are people of all other Religion and casts. On 12th June 1985, five Grampanchayats naming Bhayander, Kashi, Mira, Navghar and Ghodbunder were integrated to form Mira Bhayandar Municipal Council. In 1990 the Council got extended by including 4 other Grampanchayats naming Chena, Varsova, Rai – Murdhe, Dongri – Uttan. Thus this corporation is made up of 9 Grampanchayats, hence the Mira Bhayandar Logo has 9 stars on it. In 1990 the Council conducted its first election. Mr. Gilbert John Mendonsa was the first President. on 28th February 2002 the Council was declared as Corporation on the basis of its population. On 11th August 2002 the Corporation conducted its first election which gave 79 elected and 5 Cops members. Mrs. Mayra Gilbert Mendonsa was the first Female Mayor of the city.